Phases Of Orthodontic Treatment

The Phases of Orthodontic Treatment

The orthodontic process is a set of dental movements that are performed to improve the aesthetics, function, and chewing of your teeth. It is divided into several stages until you achieve your desired smile.

What are the steps of orthodontic treatment, and how long do braces take to work? In total, orthodontics has seven phases: a “zero phase,” in which a study is conducted, and another six phases of active orthodontics.

Zero Phase: The Orthodontic Study   

This step of orthodontic treatment has a few parts.

Case evaluation: The orthodontist determines the oral problems that the patient may have by observing different aspects, such as the bite, jaw, midline, X-rays of the sides of the skull, and a panoramic. This panoramic X-ray allows the orthodontist to check for infections, see the state of the roots, look for the absence of molars, and evaluate other aspects of the teeth.

X Rays
Extraoral And Intraoral Photographs

Extraoral and intraoral photographs: Pictures allow the orthodontist to analyze facial symmetry and dental malpositions, among other things. These images also help the patient to obtain a comparison between his or her dental aesthetics before and after treatment.

Study models: How long do braces take to work? The answer varies for each patient, but orthodontists will use samples to determine a plan of action.

Study Models

Active Phases

  1. Alignment and Leveling

The objective of this phase is to modify vertical discrepancies and dental crowding, for which light forces are used.

Alignment And Leveling

Likewise, in this phase, the actions are also carried out with the aim of correcting the dental crossbite and pulling the teeth that have not erupted in case the person needs it.

Bite Correction And Molar Relationship

  1. Bite Correction and Molar Relationship

In this step, the occlusion (bite) is corrected, and the teeth begin to fit in their correct positions in the anteroposterior and vertical directions. In some cases, orthodontists use external forces, like elastic or rubber bands, for bite correction.

  1. Closing Spaces

In this phase, orthodontists focus on closing all of the gaps and spaces between the teeth once everything is aligned.

Closing Spaces
Finishing And Finishing

  1. Finishing

In this phase, the orthodontist will make small adjustments to improve the dental position. These adjustments include:

  • Match the roots and check that all are parallel
  • Adapt individual dental positions (small modifications or rotations that may remain)
  • Correct possible midline discrepancies so that the upper and lower match
  • Perform the final settlement of the denture
  1. Removal of Devices

Once the orthodontist considers that all of the objectives have been achieved, the apparatus is removed from the patient’s mouth, and the patient proceeds to the retention phase. At this point, the teeth are aligned, there are no spaces between them, the bite is correct, and the aesthetic is ideal.

Removal Of Devices
Retention Stage

  1. Retention Stage

As you explore the question “How long do braces take to work,” note that this is a very important phase because thanks to this step, we will maintain the results achieved. The teeth have “memory” and will tend to return to their previous positions if the patient does not retain the work of the orthodontist.

So that this does not happen, the orthodontist will put retainers in the upper and lower arches, in addition to transparent covers (splints) that the person should use as long as the orthodontist deems necessary.

Schedule an Orthodontic Appointment with Definitive Dental

If you’re wondering how long braces take to work, we can show you firsthand how we at Definitive Dental would tackle your orthodontic treatment and how long it should take for you to see the results you want. Contact us today for a consultation!

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Are you tired of braces? Want to get rid of them? Do not! These tips will help you on your way to a beautiful smile! 

1)  Do not rush. When the braces were first set up for you, perhaps this is not what you expected or wanted. But after a while, when the teeth begin to align, you will notice how good the teeth begin to look. Aligning the teeth with braces can be accompanied by painful sensations for approximately a week. 

2)  Stop worrying about how your teeth look in braces and don’t be afraid to smile. In the end, you will realize that it was worth it! You can also ask the orthodontist to periodically flush the braces.

3)  Follow the rules. In the long run, this advice will help you achieve incredible results! It may be difficult to resist some foods, but still, how great it will be when you eat these foods with straight teeth! Here are the things that you should not eat during the correction of teeth with braces:

  • Caramel in any form or very sticky or lumpy peanut butter
  • Chewing gum
  • Chocolate bars
  • Do not eat popcorn
  • Do not take a lot of carbonated sweet drinks
  • Jelly candies
  • Lollipops or nuts
  • Toffee

4)  Eat fruit with vitamin C, as this will help your gums.

5)  Decorate them! Wear colored straps, don’t be afraid to turn your braces into a unique accessory.

6)  Brush your teeth 3-5 times a day. Well, if you have a small handbag and you can put a toothbrush there for travel and with a small volume of toothpaste. If you don’t like brushing your teeth, think about how good your teeth will look when the braces are removed.

 7)  Do not worry. Many dentists advise you to refrain from foods with a high amount of sugar, such as ice cream and sugary sodas, but do not worry – just limit the use of such foods. However, too much sugar contributes to tooth decay.

8)  Be demanding on brushing your teeth. The remnants of food that are in your braces look simply ugly. A good electric toothbrush or irrigator will clean them.

9)  It is allowed to chew gum, just make sure that it is sugar free.

10)  Do not panic if the wire in the braces is torn. Just grab a pair of nail clippers and cut the wire where you feel comfortable. If the wire is sharp, you can bend it down with a nail file or use orthodontic wax. Also, be sure to contact your orthodontist as soon as possible. A wire break can significantly increase the wearing time of braces.

11)  If your orthodontist recommends, use a device called a “bite plate” and use it strictly as directed by your doctor, otherwise it can also increase the period of wearing braces.

12)  Sometimes the discomfort from braces varies from discomfort during the bite to toothache. To relieve pain, the following actions are possible:

  • Eat soft foods such as yogurt, pudding, and applesauce
  • Place a heating pad or rag on your jaw.
  • Rinse your mouth with warm, salt water.
  • Use an over-the-counter pain medication, not aspirin.

13)  At the end of treatment, you will receive a retainer that will hold the teeth in their new position. It is very important to wear it! Otherwise, the teeth return to their original position.

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